Geography KS3-5

Key Stage 3 (Years 7, 8 & 9)

The department has prepared challenging work and activities for Key Stage 3 including a range of differentiated tasks and supplemented by ICT and other additional resources.

In Year 7, we introduce students to a range of mapping skills. In the Autumn Term we investigate environmental issues within the school environment and local area, evaluating how we can improve areas and the likely impacts such changes will have on different groups of people. In the spring term students learn about the physical process relating to rivers formations and associated landforms as well as the consequences of local and large scale flooding. Students are required to research their own flooding event and inform the class about the causes and consequences of the flood in the form of a presentation. In the summer term student’s focus on Britain as they discover the rich diversity of our many of our great cities and what truly makes Britain Great!

In Year 8, we start off the year by looking at coastal processes followed by global warming. This is a good opportunity for students to study consequences at both a local and global level as well as allowing them to see the wider influences people have on the world. In the spring term students learn about the different types of crime and where they are most likely to occur. This is a reflective topic which involves students mapping particular crimes using data from official website such the In the second half of the spring term, students will progress on to looking at the Weather and Climate and the reasons for such climatic differences all around the globe. The following summer term requires students work on their Brazilian Favela project that teaches them about the variations in people quality of life and how often rich and poor people live side by side in fascinating and exciting countries such as Brazil. Links with earlier topics such as crime are drawn and so students can see the truly synoptic nature of the subject. Towards the end of the summer term students will complete their second school geography examination.

In Year 9, Geography takes on a more global perspective. The year starts off with students mapping the distribution of global earthquakes and volcanoes before they dive in to the reasons and processes that give rise to these natural hazards. Natural environments are also studied which adds to the global perspective students are encourages to hold, we look at contrasting environments and the range of animals and plates that exist in them. In the spring term we ask students to prepare a presentation of a tourist destination with the specific aim of attracting the peers to want to visit. This links nicely to some of the creative writing/ speech writing that overlaps with the English department. Towards the end of this term students learn about the life changes consequences global trade can pay to people at the bottom of the supply change e.g. farmers who are often exploited and not paid much. Students will discover about the positive effects Fairtrade can have on farmer’s lives and have a reflective option of what we can all do to improve the situation. Similarly, yr 9 will also sit the 2nd and final geography examination of the year at the end of the summer term.


Key Stage 4 (Years 10 & 11)

The Geography GCSE (Eduqas Spec B) aims to build on the topics covered in Years 7-9 as well as introducing a few new topics. The course is split into 3 themes.

Component 1: Investigating Geographical Issues. Written Examination: 1 hour 45 minutes,40% of qualification. Three structured data response questions. The final part of each question will require an extended response.
Question 1 will assess aspects of Theme 1, Changing Places -Changing Economies.
Question 2 will assess aspects of Theme 2, Changing Environments.
Question 3 will assess aspects of Theme 3, Environmental Challenges.

Component 2: Problem Solving Geography
Written Examination: 1 hour 30 minutes 30% of qualification. This component will assess content from across the themes using a variety of structured data response questions.
Part A will introduce an issue and set the geographical context.
Part B will outline a number of possible solutions to the issue.
Part C will provide an opportunity for the candidates to choose a solution and justify their choice in an extended response.

Component 3: Applied Fieldwork Enquiry. Written Examination: 1 hour 30 minutes, 30% of qualification. A written examination in three parts using a variety of structured data response questions some of which will require extended responses.
Part A will assess approaches to fieldwork methodology, representation and analysis.
Part B will assess how fieldwork enquiry may be used to investigate geography's conceptual frameworks.
Part C will assess the application of broad geographical concepts to a wider UK context and assess the ability to make and justify a decision.

Fieldwork Opportunities
At Key Stage 3, all pupils undertake fieldwork in the local area. In line with our curriculum, pupils are encouraged to develop their geographical understanding of local scale issues before progressing to more national and international issues. We also aim to conduct enquires in the context of the school and look at things such as existing ecosystems in and around the school, as well as the actual redevelopment of the school site itself and the impact this has had on different groups of people.

At GCSE, students are required to attend 2 fieldtrips in contrasting locations and conduct an investigation that is set by the exam board. At A level students are required to attend 4 separate fieldtrips can carry out an investigation as part of their coursework (20% of final A level). This can be on an area form the specification of their choosing.

Future Opportunities
GCSE Geography opens up a wide range of possibilities for a career in the future. Many GCSE Geography students go on to study the subject at A level and degree level at university, whilst others use the skills they have developed to study Geology, Meteorology or various careers in scientific research and the civil service.

Extra-Curricular Opportunities
At Key Stage 4 extra revision and coursework preparation sessions are held throughout the summer term. Revision days are also held during the Easter and half term holidays. Key stage 4 pupils also complete a field work day to collect data for their controlled assessment. In Key Stage 3 there are numerous field work opportunities both within and outside the local area.

Details of any relevant websites and revision guides to support the qualification. – keep up to date with geographical news stories. (Long term aid case study)


Key stage 5 (Years 12 & 13)
The Pearson Edexcel Level 3 Advanced GCE in Geography consists of three externally examined papers and one non-examination assessment component. Students must complete all assessment in May/June in any single year.

In each unit of study candidates will consider the values and attitudes of decision makers, consider their own values and attitudes to the issues being studied and support their learning of ideas through the study of specific case studies. Candidates will also develop a variety of geographical skills, which will broaden and deepen existing knowledge and be employed with a greater degree of independence.

What does the course consist of?

  • Written examination 1: 2 hours and 15 minutes, 30% of the qualification, 105 marks.
  • Written examination 2: 2 hours and 15 minutes, 30% of the qualification, 105 marks
  • Written examination 3: 2 hours and 15 minutes, 20% of the qualification, 70 marks

Content overview of Examination 3….
The specification contains three synoptic themes within the compulsory content areas:
● Players
● Attitudes and actions
● Futures and uncertainties.
The synoptic investigation will be based on a geographical issue within a place-based context that links to the three synoptic themes and is rooted in two or more of the compulsory content areas.

Non-examined assessment (Coursework)
20% of the qualification, 70 marks

Content overview:
● The student defines a question or issue for investigation, relating to the compulsory or optional content. The topic may relate to any aspect
   of geography contained within the specification
● The student’s investigation will incorporate fieldwork data (collected individually or as part of a group) and own research and/or secondary
● The fieldwork, which forms the focus and context of the individual investigation, may be either human, physical or integrated physical- 
● The investigation report will evidence independent analysis and evaluation of data, presentation of data findings and extended writing
● Students will be expected to show evidence that they have used both quantitative and qualitative data to support their independent
    investigation as appropriate to the particular environment and/or location.


Assessment overview
● The investigation report is internally assessed and externally moderated.
● The student will produce a written report of 3000–4000 words.

Year 1 Topics:
*    Globalisation
*    Regeneration
*    Coastal Landscapes
*    Tectonic Hazards

Year 2 Topics:
*    Superpowers
*    Carbon Cycle
*    Water Cycle
*    Identity and migration

Candidates are required to have gained at lease a level 6 in GCSE Geography.

Should the subject be oversubscribed then students with a level 7+ will be considered first.

Career Value:
Geography lends itself to a wide range of career paths including; advertising, banking, cartography, education, engineering, environmental management, journalism, law, meteorology, politics, retailing, tourism to name but a few.

Through Geography A level you will acquire a range of transferable skills valued by universities and employers hence the wide range of career choices. These skills include; analysing, evaluating and interpreting evidence/organise, record and present information and ideas/argue persuasively and select appropriate routes to enquiry.